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First Grade Essential Learning Targets

First Grade Essential Learning Targets

Updated:  9/22/2010


Word Analysis/Vocabulary (first semester)

• Distinguish between the singular and plural

form of a word

• Substitute, insert and delete sounds

• Find a chunk in a word to decode an unfamiliar


• Supply missing consonant in B,M,E positions

• Supply correct vowel in C-V-C pattern

• Apply the word family pattern in reading text

• Produce a word or words that rhyme

• Identify upper and lower case letters in the


Reading Strategies

• Use picture clues to form a prediction

• Compare and contrast

• Make connections (text-to-self, text-to-text,


• Reread

• Sequence

• Summarize

• Identify genres (fiction, nonfiction, poetry)

• Identify title, author, illustrations, table of

contents, text features

• Identify character, setting, problem, and


• Identify main idea and details

• Use context clues

Word Analysis/Vocabulary (second semester)

• Read and apply inflections (word endings)

• Read and apply blends

• Read and apply diagraphs

• Read, make, and analyze compound words

• Identify r-controlled vowels

• Read and apply long vowel sounds

• Supply missing consonant in b, m, e positions

• Supply correct vowel in C-V-C pattern

• Apply the word family pattern in reading text

• Produce a word or words that rhyme

• Identify upper and lower case letters of the


Reading (cont.)

Reading Strategies (second semester)

• Self corrects when reading

• Uses inferences

• Identify author’s purpose


• Use expression, inflection, and phrasing

• Attend to punctuation when reading

• Read accurately and smoothly as if


• Read 100 high frequency words


Number Sense

• Demonstrate number awareness (able to identify

a number, greater/less than)

• Demonstrate skip counting (10’s, 5’s and 2’s)

• Knows addition facts

• Knows subtraction facts


• Identifies and knows value of coins and coin

combination values

• Tells and shows time to the hour and half-hour


• Can interpret and solve number stories


• Recognize and name shapes:  circle, square,

hexagon, rhombus, rectangle, triangle, oval,

and trapezoid

Social Science

Social Systems

• Understand that each of us belongs to a family

and recognize that families vary

• Identify similarities and differences in people’s

characteristics, habits, and living patterns


• Become aware of local and national holidays

• Show some awareness of time and how the past

influences people’s lives

• Become aware of how people in different places

have different experiences

Economic Systems

• Identify community workers and services they


• Begin to understand the use of trade or money to

obtain goods and services


• Locate objects and places in the community

• Show beginning awareness of the relationship

between people and where they live

Political Systems

• Recognize and demonstrate reasons for rules

• Demonstrate awareness of city/town, state,


• Participates in voting as a way of making choices

• Recognize the American flag and recite the

Pledge of Allegiance

• Develop and awareness of roles of leaders in

their environment, (e.g. classroom jobs)

Language Arts



• Select a topic

• Stay on topic throughout the piece

Support and Elaboration

• Write details using adjectives and supporting


• Add details to illustrations

Language Arts (cont.)


• Include a beginning, middle and end to a

written piece

• Sequence events

• Create pieces from a variety of genres (i.e.

fiction, nonfiction, poetry)


• Refer to a variety of sources to spell high-

frequency words

• Use consonant and vowel sounds to spell


• Use patterns to spell words


• Capitalize beginnings of sentences, proper

nouns and the word “I”

• Add correct punctuation at the end of each


• Write complete sentences

• Use proper spacing between words

• Form letters correctly, using printed lines


• Begin to understand parts of speech (noun,

adjective, verb)


Life Science

• Collects and records insect observations

• Identifies and describes insect body parts

• Describes what an insect needs to survive

• Uses vocabulary to describe living


Physical Science

• Identifies, compares, and contrasts physical


• Uses a thermometer

• Records weather

• Identifies solids and liquids and describes

characteristics of each

Science (cont.)

Scientific Inquiry

• Develops questions on topic

• Records data to support a hypothesis

• Uses inquiry skills to collect, organize and

communicate scientific data

Work and Social Habits

• Listens attentively

• Follow directions

• Works carefully and accurately

• Makes good use of time when working


• Seeks help when appropriate

• Practices self control

• Speaks at appropriate times

• Takes part in group discussions and activities

• Assumes responsibility for actions and


• Respects authority and others’ rights, feelings,

and property

• Observes school and safety rules



• Use the mouse to click drag, and double click

• Use the keyboard to type letters, numbers, and

punctuation marks

Basic Computer Operation

• Log on and off the network

• Open and quit documents and applications

• Print documents

• Save documents

• Change font, size, and color

Applications, Research and the Internet

• Create a developmentally appropriate journal page

which includes a sentence, name, and related


• Access the Internet using teacher-created web

launch pages to gather data

Physical Education

Demonstrates control when performing

fundamental loco-motor, non loco-motor,

and manipulative skills

• Understands spatial awareness and

relationships to objects and people

• Demonstrates safe movement, and follows

directions and class procedures while


• Demonstrates the ability to show correct

body alignment when throwing/catching an

object with hand, and striking with feet, or


• Identify characteristics of health related

fitness (e.g. flexibility, muscular


• Demonstrate cooperation with partner to

complete assigned tasks


• Singing and playing instruments alone

and with others

• Reading, notating, and composing


• Listening, evaluating, and describing


• Understanding relationships between

music, the other arts, history, and culture


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